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Herausgegeben von Andrew Linzey & Clair Linzey

At present, human beings worldwide are using an estimated 115.3 million animals in experiments 'a normalization of the unthinkable on an immense scale. In terms of harm, pain, suffering, and death, animal experiments constitute one of the major moral issues of our time. Given today's deeper understanding of animal sentience, we must afford animals a special moral consideration that precludes their use in experiments. The Ethical Case against Animal Experiments begins with a groundbreaking and comprehensive ethical critique of the practice of animal experiments by the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics. A second section offers original writings that engage with, and elaborate on, aspects of the Oxford Centre report. The essayists explore historical, philosophical, and personal perspectives that range from animal experiments in classical times to the place of necessity in animal research to one researcher's painful journey from researcher to opponent. A devastating look at a contemporary moral crisis, The Ethical Case against Animal Experiments melds logic to compassion to mount a powerful challenge to human cruelty.|

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Title Page Copyright Contents INTRODUCTION. Oxford: The Home of Controversy about Animals PART 1. NORMALIZING THE UNTHINKABLE: THE ETHICS OF USING ANIMALS IN RESEARCH Introduction to the Report 1.1 The Scale of the Problem 1.2 The Old Debate 1.3 The New Scientific Critiques 1.4 The Changing Ethical Paradigm 1.5 The Putative Justifications 1.6 The Problem of Institutionalization 1.7 The Failure of Control 1.8 Undercover Investigations 1.9 Consideration of Counterarguments 1.10 Summary and Conclusions Bibliography PART 2. THE SUPPORTING ESSAYS 2.1 Animal Experimentation in Classical Antiquity 2.2 Gender and the Animal Experiments Controversy in Nineteenth-Century America 2.3 Is 'Necessity' a Useful Concept in Animal Research Ethics? 2.4 Science Fiction and Science Fact: Ethics and Nonhuman Animal Experiments 2.5 Harms versus Benefits: A Practical Critique of Utilitarian Calculations 2.6 Utilitarian Benefit and Uncertainty under Emergent Systems 2.7 Do Moral Principles Permit Experimenting on Nonconsenting Beings? 2.8 Can Animal Experiments Be Ethically Acceptable When They Are Not Scientifically Defensible? 2.9 A Rawlsian Case against Animal Experimentation 2.10 The Harms of Captivity within Laboratories and Afterward 2.11 When Harry Meets Harry: An Ethical Assessment of Harry Harlow's Maternal Deprivation Experiment About the Editors, Contributors, and Members of the Working Group Index|

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Andrew Linzey is the director of the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics. He has written or edited twenty books, including Animal Theology and The Global Guide to Animal Protection . Clair Linzey is the deputy director of the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics and assistant editor of the Journal of Animal Ethics .

0.6 MB
24 Monate
Adobe DRM
University of Illinois Press

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