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Clive Gilson 
Okaraxta – Tales From The Great Plains 

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There are many sources and traditions within Native American storytelling and mythologies. These tales are a selection of those told by the tribes and peoples of the Great Plains, but by no means does this book cover all aspects even within just this sub-group. It’s been one of the absolute delights of the summer discovering just how deep and rich are the veins of folk and tribal lore across the Americas.

There is a deep sense of nature, of the seasons, weather, plants, animals, earth, water, fire, sky and the heavenly bodies, together with common elements such as all-embracing, universal and omniscient Great Spirit.

A characteristic of many of the myths is the close relationship between human beings and creatures of the natural world, often featuring shape-shifting between forms.

Although most Native American myths are profound and serious, some use light-hearted humour, often in the form of the hapless trickster, Iktomi, to entertain, as they subtly convey important spiritual and moral messages.

Stories from the Great Plains often feature buffalo, the animals so important in the lives of these peoples. Another common theme is the making of a journey, often to a supernatural place across the landscape or to the sky world.

The Great Plains are generally described as the expansive area of North America between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains, embodying many cultures whose various rites and ceremonies emerged from a common background.

Many tribes, but not all, were semi-nomadic and depended more on buffalo hunting than on agriculture for their living. Folktales have been a part of the social and cultural life of Native American regardless of whether they were sedentary agriculturists or nomadic hunters. As they gathered around a fire at night, Native Americans could be transported to another world through the talent of a good storyteller. The effect was derived not only from the novelty of the tale itself but also from the imaginative skill of the narrator, who often added gestures and songs and occasionally adapted a particular tale to suit a certain culture.

As I said at the beginning of this short preface, it’s been a delight to get to know these tales just a little, and I still have a long way to walk amongst the stories of so many more tribes and peoples across North America.

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विषयसूची

PREFACE
THE FORGOTTEN EAR OF CORN
MOCK-PE-EN-DAG-A-WIN
IKTOMI AND THE BAD SONGS
A GHOST STORY
KWASIND
THE DUN HORSE
IKTOMI’S BLANKET
A BOG MYTH
THE JEEBI
MANABOZHO IN THE FISH’S STOMACH.
IKTOMI AND THE MUSKRAT
COYOTE AND GRAY FOX
PUCK WUDJ ININEES
A STORY OF FAITH
IKTOMI AND THE COYOTE
PEZHIU AND WABOSE
IKTOMI AND THE SNOWSTORM
THE LITTLE MICE
IKTOMI AND THE FAWN
PEBOAN AND SEEGWUN
THE BEAR MAN
IKTOMI AND THE THUNDERS
NEZHIK-E-WA-WA-SUN
THE BADGER AND THE BEAR
THE PET DONKEY
LEGEND OF THE CORN
IKTOMI AND THE TURTLE
OPEECHEE
THE STAR FAMILY
THE GHOST WIFE
DANCE IN A BUFFALO SKULL
ORIGIN OF THE BUFFALO
OJEEG ANNUNG
THE FAITHFUL LOVERS
THE WAKANDA, OR WATER GOD
THE TOAD AND THE BOY
SHEEM
TI-KE-WA-KUSH
THE SPIRIT LAND
TAU-WAU-CHEE-HEZKAW
IYA, THE CAMP-EATER
LEGEND OF STANDING ROCK
OLD-WOMAN-WHO-NEVER-DIES
IËNA, THE WANDERER
STORY OF THE PEACE PIPE
MANSTIN, THE RABBIT
THE FALLEN STAR
PAH-HAH-UNDOOTAH
PA-HU-KA´-TAWA
THE BUFFALO BEING
THE WARLIKE SEVEN
THE WHITE STONE CANOE
THE BOUND CHILDREN
THE GHOST AND THE TRAVELER
THE SUN-CATCHER
THE SNAKE BROTHER
THE GHOST’S RESENTMENT
WA-WA-BE-ZO-WIN
IKTOMI AND THE ARROWHEADS
THE WARRIOR WHO WRESTLED WITH A GHOST
MUKAKEE MINDEMOEA
O´RE-KA-RAHR
THE HERMIT, OR THE GIFT OF CORN
THE SIX HAWKS
THE MAN AND THE OAK
ADDIK KUM MAIG
WAZIYA, THE WEATHER SPIRIT
THE BOY WHO SAW A-TI´-US
AGGODAGAUDA AND HIS DAUGHTER
WHY THE WOLVES HELP IN WAR
THE “WASNA” MAN AND THE IKTOMI
THE ENCHANTED MOCCASINS
THE MAN WHO SHOT A GHOST
HOW THE DEER LOST HIS GALL
LEELINAU
WHITE PLUME
INYANHOKSILA
BOKWEWA
KIWUK-U LAH’-KAHTA
HISTORICAL NOTES
ABOUT THE EDITOR

लेखक के बारे में

I was born in 1962 into a predominantly sporting household – Dad being a good footballer, playing senior amateur and lower league professional football in England, as well as running a series of private businesses in partnership with mum, herself an accomplished and medal winning dancer.

I obtained a degree in History from Leeds University before wandering rather haphazardly into the emerging world of business computing in the late nineteen-eighties.

A little like my sporting father, I followed a succession of amateur writing paths alongside my career in technology, including working as a freelance journalist and book reviewer, my one claim to fame being a by-line in a national newspaper in the UK, The Sunday People.

I also spent 10 years treading the boards, appearing all over the south of the UK in pantos and plays, in village halls and occasionally on the stage of a professional theatre or two.

Following the sporting theme, and a while after I hung up my own boots, I worked on live TV broadcasts for the BBC, ITV, TVNZ, EuroSport and others as a rugby ‘Stato’, covering Heineken Cups, Six Nations, IRB World Sevens and IRB World Cups in the late ’90’s and early ’00’s.

I try to combine my love of storytelling with a passion for information technology, and am currently Vice President – Technology with a major UK FinTech company.

You can find out more about Clive’s work and contact me at: https://www.boyonabench.com
भाषा अंग्रेज़ी ● स्वरूप EPUB ● पेज 410 ● ISBN 9781913500672 ● फाइल का आकार 0.3 MB ● संपादक Clive Gilson ● प्रकाशक Clive Gilson ● प्रकाशित 2019 ● डाउनलोड करने योग्य 24 महीने ● मुद्रा EUR ● आईडी 7314550 ● कॉपी सुरक्षा Adobe DRM
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