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Foreword Preface Chapter 1 To test or not to test… 1.1 Testing history - more than 2000 nuclear explosions 1. 2 Nuclear weapons – with and without testing 1. 3 Why a Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty? 1.4 Related nuclear arms control and disarmament treaties Chapter 2. Monitoring technologies 2.1 Nuclear explosions - detectable features 2.2 Detection, location and identification 2.3 Seismological monitoring 2.4 Hydroacoustic monitoring 2.5 Infrasound monitoring 2.6 Radionuclide monitoring 2.7 Detection from space 2.8 Enabling technologies Chapter 3 A long journey to a treaty 3.1 Past test ban initiatives 3.2 Group of Scientific Experts 3.3 The CTBT negotiations 1994 – 96 3.4 Critical issues during the negotiations 3.5 Reflections on the negotiations Chapter 4 The Treaty 4.1 The preamble 4.2 Basic obligations 4.3 The Organization 4.4 Verification 4.5 National implementation measures 4.6 Entry into force 4.7 Reflections Chapter 5 The birth of an organization 5.1 The mandate of the CTBTO Preparatory Commission 5.2 Preparations for the first session of the CTBTO Preparatory Commission 5.3 The first session of the CTBTO Preparatory Commission 5.4 The initial enthusiasm 5.5 The early challenges Chapter 6 Establishing the verification regime 6.1 A complex monitoring system in a political environment 6.2 Building the monitoring system - a gradual but slow process 6.3 Some specific IMS issues 6.4 On-site inspections a politicized issue on a slow path Chapter 7 Testing shows high performance 7.1 Frombuilding to testing 7.2 Global tests show high performance of IMS/IDC 7.3 Exercises also get OSI on the move Chapter 8 National technical implementation of the CTBT 8.1 National commitments 8.2 National institutions play key roles in the global verification system 8.3 Basis for national interpretation 8.4 Regional cooperation 8.5 An assessment of the status of national technical implementation Chapter 9 The CTBTO Preparatory Commission and the PTS - an organizational perspective 9.1 The Policy Making Organs 9.2 Provisional Technical Secretariat (PTS) 9.3 Changing the guard Chapter 10 The CTBTO Preparatory Commission and the world 10.1 States Signatories, the CTBTO Preparatory Commission and the PTS 10.2 The CTBTO Preparatory Commission and international organizations 10.3 Synergy with science 10.4 The CTBT - hostage to today’s politics Chapter 11 Always too early to give up 11.1 Finally a CTBT - and then? A political perspective 11.2 Most complex verification system ever - a scientific perspective 11.3 Challenge to establish a technical organization in a political environment - a managerial perspective 11.4 Bringing the CTBT back on track 11.5 A new security agenda Annex 1 Annex 2 Abbreviations and acronyms References
Nuclear tests have caused public concern ever since the first such test was conducted, more than six decades ago. During the Cold War, however, con- tions were not conducive to discussing a complete ban on nuclear testing. It was not until 1993 that negotiations on such a treaty finally got under way. From then on, things moved relatively quickly: in 1996, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). To date, the Treaty has been signed by 178 states and ratified by 144, though it has yet to enter into force, as nine out of 44 ‘‘Annex 2 states’’, whose ratification is mandatory, have not heeded the call. Nevertheless, the CTBT verification system is already provisionally operational and has proven its effectiveness. We commend the CTBT organisation in Vienna for its successful efforts to build a verification network. This book is an excellent overview of the evolution of the CTBT and its verification regime. The authors are eminent scholars from the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden who have been intimately involved with the CTBT and its verification agency, the CTBTO Preparatory Commission, from their inc- tion to the present day. They have written a thorough and engaging narrative of the long road that led to the CTBT. Their story will appeal to both the layman and the expert and provide useful lessons for future negotiations on disarmament issues.
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'Nuclear Test Ban' by Ola Dahlman & S. Mykkeltveit is a digital PDF ebook for direct download to PC, Mac, Notebook, Tablet, iPad, iPhone, Smartphone, eReader - but not for Kindle. A DRM capable reader equipment is required.

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