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Rob Cramb 
White Gold: The Commercialisation of Rice Farming in the Lower Mekong Basin 

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This open access book is about understanding the processes involved in the transformation of smallholder rice farming in the Lower Mekong Basin from a low-yielding subsistence activity to one producing the surpluses needed for national self-sufficiency and a high-value export industry. For centuries, farmers in the Basin have regarded rice as “white gold”, reflecting its centrality to their food security and well-being. In the past four decades, rice has also become a commercial crop of great importance to Mekong farmers, augmenting but not replacing its role in securing their subsistence. This book is based on collaborative research to (a) compare the current situation and trajectories of rice farmers within and between different regions of the Lower Mekong, (b) explore the value chains linking rice farmers with new technologies and input and output markets within and across national borders, and (c) understand the changing role of government policies in facilitating the on-going evolution of commercial rice farming. An introductory section places the research in geographical and historical context. Four major sections deal in turn with studies of rice farming, value chains, and policies in Northeast Thailand, Central Laos, Southeastern Cambodia, and the Mekong Delta. The final section examines the implications for rice policy in the region as a whole.
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Table of Content


1. The Evolution of Rice Farming in the Lower Mekong Basin.- 2. The Commercialisation of Rice Farming in Northeast Thailand.- 3. Divergent Pathways of Rice Farming in Ubon Ratchathani Province.- 4. Farmer Organizations in Ubon Ratchathani Province.- 5. From Subsistence to Commercial Rice Farming in Laos.- 6. Adapting the Green Revolution for Laos.- 7. Rainfed and Irrigated Rice Farming on the Savannakhet Plain.- 8. The Supply of Inputs to Rice Farmers in Savannakhet.- 9. Rice Marketing and Cross-Border Trade in Savannakhet.- 10. Economic Constraints to Intensification of Rainfed Lowland Rice in Laos.- 11. The Commercialisation of Rice Farming in Cambodia.- 12. The Production, Marketing, and Export of Rice in Takeo.- 13. The Role of Irrigation in Rice Farming in Takeo and Kampong Speu.- 14. The Supply of Fertiliser for Rice Farming in Takeo.- 15. The Use of Credit by Rice Farmers in Takeo.- 16. Contract Farming of High-Quality Rice in Kampong Speu.- 17. Trends in Rice-Based Farming Systems in the Mekong Delta.- 18. The Domestic Rice Value Chain in the Mekong Delta.- 19. Cross-Border Trade in Rice from Cambodia to Vietnam.- 20. Cross-Border Trade in Sticky Rice from Laos to Vietnam.- 21. Issues of Rice Policy in the Lower Mekong Basin.

About the author

Rob Cramb is Honorary Professor of Agricultural Development in the School of Agriculture and Food Sciences at The University of Queensland, Australia. He has taught, researched, and consulted on agricultural and rural development in Southeast Asia for over forty years. His previous books include
Land and Longhouse: Agrarian Change in the Uplands of Sarawak and (with John McCarthy)
The Oil Palm Complex: Smallholders, Agribusiness and the State in Indonesia and Malaysia.
Language English ● Format PDF ● Pages 456 ● ISBN 9789811509988 ● File size 9.1 MB ● Age 02-99 years ● Editor Rob Cramb ● Publisher Springer Singapore ● City Singapore ● Country SG ● Published 2020 ● Downloadable 24 months ● Currency EUR ● ID 7338293 ● Copy protection Adobe DRM
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