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Unexpected discoveries, Graded Structures, and
the Difference between Acceptance and Neglect
Hanne Andersen
Conceptual Comparison and Conceptual Innovation
Harold I. Brown
Discovering Mechanisms in Molecular Biology
Finding and Fixing Incompleteness and Incorrectness
Lindley Darden
On the Role of Thought-Experiments in Mathematical Discovery
Eduard Glas
Experimental Systems, Investigative Pathways, and the Nature of Discovery
Frederic L. Holmes
Abduction as a Heuristic Constraint
Scott A. Kleiner
Creative Abduction and Hypothesis Withdrawal
Lorenzo Magnani
Conceptual Change: Creativity, Cognition, and Culture
Nancy J. Nersessian
The Strange Story of Scientific Method
Thomas Nickles
Tradition and Innovation: Exploring and Transforming Conceptual Structures
Matti Sintonen
A Purposeful Alliance in the Service of Creative Research
The Network of Vitamin Investigators
Petra Werner Index
edited by Joke Meheus & Thomas Nickles
Since the origin of the modern sciences, our views on discovery and creativity had a remarkable history. Originally, discovery was seen as an integral part of methodology and the logic of discovery as algorithmic or nearly algorithmic. During the nineteenth century, conceptions in line with romanticism led to the famous opposition between the context of discovery and the context of justification, culminating in a view that banned discovery from methodology. The revival of the methodological investigation of discovery, which started some thirty years ago, derived its major impetus from historical and sociological studies of the sciences and from developments within cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence. Today, a large majority of philosophers of science agrees that the classical conception as well as the romantic conception are mistaken. Against the classical conception, it is generally accepted that truly novel discoveries are not the result of simply applying some standardized procedure. Against the romantic conception, it is rejected that discoveries are produced by unstructured flashes of insight.
An especially important result of the contemporary study concerns the availability of (descriptive and normative) models for explaining discoveries and creative processes. Descriptive models mainly aim at explaining the origin of novel products; normative models moreover address the question how rational researchers should proceed when confronted with problems for which a standard procedure is missing. The present book provides an overview of these models and of the important changes they induced within methodology. As appears from several papers, the methodological study of discovery and creativity led to profound changes in our conceptions of justification and acceptance, of rationality, of scientific change, and of conceptual change. The book contains contributions from both historians and philosophers of science. All of them, however, are methodological in the contemporary sense of the term. The central values of this methodology are empirical accurateness, clarity and precision, and rationality. The different contributions realize these values by their interdisciplinary nature. Some philosophically oriented papers rely on historical case studies and results from the cognitive sciences, others on recent results from the computer sciences and/or non-standard logics. The historically oriented papers address central philosophical questions and hypotheses.
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'Models of Discovery and Creativity' by Joke Meheus & Thomas Nickles is a digital PDF ebook for direct download to PC, Mac, Notebook, Tablet, iPad, iPhone, Smartphone, eReader - but not for Kindle. A DRM capable reader equipment is required.

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